The Enduring Legacy Of Jane Austen’s ‘Truth Universally Acknowledged’ : NPR

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An 1894 engraving depicts chapter eighteen of Jane Austen’s Pleasure and Prejudice.

De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Illustrations or photos

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De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Illustrations or photos

An 1894 engraving depicts chapter eighteen of Jane Austen’s Pleasure and Prejudice.

De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Illustrations or photos

Geoff Nunberg (@GeoffNunberg) is a linguist who teaches at the School of Information at the University of California at Berkeley.

Shortly right after Amazon introduced the Kindle, they set up a page with a rated record of the most commonly highlighted passages across all the publications. It is not there any longer, but when I initially looked at the record in 2013, the opening sentence of Pleasure and Prejudice was in third put. That was all the extra remarkable mainly because 8 of the other prime ten finishers have been passages from the Hunger Video games series, which was the strike of the period that yr, as Austen’s novel experienced been particularly two hundred a long time before.

“It is a real truth universally acknowledged, that a single male in possession of a good fortune, need to be in want of a wife.”

We can argue about regardless of whether that’s the most famous initially line in English literature or regardless of whether the honor belongs to the opening sentence of Moby Dick or A Tale of Two Cities or 1984. But you will find no other opening sentence that lends itself so very well to sampling, mash-ups and adaptation.

If you happen to be on the lookout to include a literary touch to your report on pension techniques or unexpected emergency contraceptives, you happen to be not going to get very considerably with “Simply call me Ishmael.” But “It is a real truth universally acknowledged” is generally available as an tasteful substitute for “As everyone is aware of” when you want to introduce some banal truism.

The phrase is ubiquitous in the age of Jane-o-mania. Rummage close to on the Online and you are going to master that it is a real truth universally acknowledged that a “pop star in possession of a good fortune need to be in want of baubles,” that company course is extra comfy than financial system, that “on line dating sucks” and, unnecessary to say, that Jane Austen “has left rather a mark on pop lifestyle.”

This is the puzzling factor. All those diversifications of Austen’s sentence are nearly never ever ironic or facetious. They only underscore the prevailing knowledge, alternatively than throwing it into concern.

Nevertheless my guess is that a huge part of the people who adapt that sentence know beautifully very well that the first model is everything but straightforward. It could be the single most celebrated case in point of literary irony in all of English literature. Decide on up a paperback of Pleasure and Prejudice at a garage sale and it really is even dollars you are going to discover the initially sentence underlined with “IRONY” written in the margin.

The sentence could glimpse like a truism, but the initially portion basically undermines the next. In her book Why Jane Austen, Rachel Brownstein details out that if the novel experienced started merely with “A single male possessed of a good fortune need to be in want of a wife,” we might snuggle in for a inventory passionate tale. We might assume the future sentence to explain an aristocratic Colin Firth lookalike galloping entire-tilt toward the Bennets’ household at Longbourn.

But prefacing that clause with “It is a real truth universally acknowledged” indicates that’s only what most people say they feel — right after all, if everyone definitely does settle for it, why hassle to mention the simple fact? In simple fact, as Austen suggests in the next sentence, nobody definitely cares what the wealthy male himself thinks he desires. There’s only a person real truth that matters to Mrs. Bennet and the other people in the neighborhood — that a daughter who has no fortune need to be uncovered a very well-to-do husband to glimpse right after her, which Mrs. Bennet has built “the company of her life.”

But we suspect that Austen has her reservations about that single-minded pursuit of an beneficial relationship, even if she does not say so outright. And we’re flattered to imagine that she counts on astute visitors like us to decide up on that, while others will overlook it. It tends to make us come to feel complicit with her. As the modernist author Katherine Mansfield wrote in 1920, “each and every correct admirer of [Austen’s] novels cherishes the joyful believed that he by itself — reading between the lines — has become the secret friend of their writer.” (That pronoun “he” offers us a get started now, but bear in thoughts that back then the most popular Austen devotees have been the male literati of the Bloomsbury established.)

Austen’s sentence is a masterpiece of indirection, and it really is no speculate that people hold trying to repurpose it in the hope that they can pluck it from its first context and its irony will in some way cling to its roots. But that can’t materialize devoid of the covert wink, the idea-off to the sharp reader that the real truth isn’t as pat as the rest of the sentence tends to make it look. Otherwise, the phrase is an vacant gesture. It just signifies irony, the way an empire waistline or a neck cloth signifies Regency gentility.

Alright, it really is just a sentence. But it details to what generally occurs when Austen is repackaged for export. There have been some fantastic phase, film and Television diversifications of Pleasure and Prejudice around the a long time. But as charming as they are, they can only depict the next fifty percent of that opening sentence, the Colin Firth bits. We get a beguiling tale of romance and courtship. But we do not see it at Austen’s skeptical take out. We overlook the arched eyebrow, the sly and confiding voice.

That’s the paradox of Austen’s novels. Like the opening sentence of Pleasure and Prejudice, they cry out for adaptation. They look infinitely resilient: You can relocate them to Beverly Hills or Delhi rewrite them as murder mysteries or erotica populate them with vampires or zombies — they are going to generally retain some trace of their first charm. Nevertheless there are number of other novels so unwilling to give up their souls.

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